Protectionism For Green Industries Is Unnecessary [And Bad]by Brad Warbiany
The Economist Free Exchange Blog, responding to this pro-protectionism piece by Joe Weisenthal, half-heartedly suggests that maybe Joe meant that a little infant industry protection for green industries is in order:
I wonder if he is suggesting some sort of infant industry type policy to stimulate domestic manufacturing of more enviromental products. Interesting idea, but infant industry is tricky. The idea is that with time and protection from the global market (through subisdies and tariffs) the domestic country will gain a comparative advantage in that field. Korea pursued this policy with, arguably, some success in the 1950s. But it did not work so well elsewhere. It involves the government hand picking industries that need to be developed, rather than the market. It often leaves consumers paying more for mediocre goods that might not otherwise exist in the global market.
There are two problems trying to compare anything that America will do regarding infant industry protection for green industries with any other nations who have tried protection:
First, the protectionist nation must be an underdog. America engaged in protectionism at the beginning of the industrial revolution to protect itself from Europe, and eventually rose to a dominant place. Because we are now the most technologically advanced, innovating nation on the planet, we need not protect our own industries from those overseas. They’re the ones playing catch-up, and they’re the ones trying to protect their own infant industries against our established industries. Now, there can be a debate over instituting retaliatory trade impediments to counter those protections other less developed countries are enacting (and I’d come down on the side against doing so personally), but there’s no reason to protect ourselves from them.
Second, protecting infant industries is only necessary when you’re protecting them from established industries. There are no established green industries. This is an infant industry worldwide, and on a worldwide basis, we’re in just as strong of a competitive position as any other country. I understand places like Korea enacting a protectionist, when they’re trying to achieve the same sort of efficiencies on heavy industry of more advanced countries. But here, there’s nobody who has figured it out. Infant industry protectionism arguably may be a good way for industries to catch up with mature foreign industries, but in this case there are no mature foreign industries. There’s no catching up to do when we’re all just out of the gates.
Now, this was separate from Weisenthal’s main point, which is that we should use “green protectionism” as a ruse to introduce some rather traditional forms of protectionism. He sees protectionism as an alternative to welfare, because even if we get higher-priced, less-well-made goods in the US, that keeps those US manufacturing workers employed. I suspect he’d be in favor of banning motor-driven plows, too, so that we can go back to high farming employment? Instead, I suggest that we stop trying to limit competition, and actually stop our own impediments to engaging in competition. If we want to win, perhaps we should get out of our own way instead of trying to trip our competitors.